The liver is the body’s important and the largest gland. It is a crucial organ that facilitates nearly every other organ inside the body in some facet. Without the proper liver, a person is not able to survive and stay with a healthy life.
The liver is the main glandular organ in our body and works multiple critical functions to maintain the body pure of poisons and harmful chemicals.
A normal adult liver weighs around 3 pounds. Found in the upper-right part of the abdominal cavity under the diaphragm also to the much right of the stomach, the liver comprises of 4 lobes. It gets about 1.5 quarts of blood each minute through the hepatic artery and portal vein.
Functions of Liver:
Producing bile to digest fats:
It produces bile, a substance needed to digest fats. Bile’s salts break up fat into smaller pieces so it can be able to neutralize easily in the small intestine.
Liver converts ammonia into urea:
Ammonia, a waste product of metabolism, is toxic.it, through the blood stream, goes to the brain and causes the depletion of alpha keto glutarate, that is an between cindition in citric acid cycle of cellular repiration. As a result the amount of energy produced is reduced and therefore the packet of energy delivered to brain cells. this causes the brain to work improperly and the body goes into insensibility. that is reason why ammonia must be converted into urea.
Breaks down haemoglobin as well as insulin and other hormones:
The Liver also helps in decomposition of red blood cells and also produces insulin by way of glycogenolysis. This happens in order to maintain a suitable circulatory in the whole body.
Trunk of essential Vitamins:
The liver is also stores vitamins and chemicals that the body requires as building blocks, including, vitamin B12, folic acid, iron required to make red blood cells, vitamin A for vision, vitamin D for calcium absorption, and lots others.
Detoxifies the blood to rid it of harmful substances such as alcohol and drugs:
The liver also breaks down medications and drugs, including alcohol, and is responsible for breaking down insulin and other hormones in the body.
Inflammation of the liver, usually caused by viruses like hepatitis A, B, and C. Hepatitis can have non-infectious causes too, including heavy drinking, drugs, allergic reactions, or obesity.
Long-term problems on the liver from any cause can result in ongoing scarring, known as cirrhosis. The liver then gets not able to work properly.
The most usual form of liver cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, typically takes place after cirrhosis is present.
Liver failure has bulk of symptoms like infection, genetic diseases, and also excessive alcohol.
Hemochromatosis enable iron to accumulate in the liver, and damaging it. The iron also slowly deposits all through the body, leading to multiple other medical problems.
Primary biliary cirrhosis:
In such a rare condition, an unclear process gradually hurts the bile ducts in the liver. Permanent liver scarring (cirrhosis) finally grows.
As cirrhosis results, the liver leaks liquid (ascites) into the stomach, which turns into distended and severe.
Hepatitis A treatment:
People at risk of growing acute hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection must go through immunization for the virus. Furthermore, immunization of those at more risk for morbidity from serious HAV infection is important.
Treatment usually includes supportive care, with specific risks handled as appropriate. Liver transplantation, in specific cases, is an option if the person has fulminant hepatic failure (FHF).
Hepatitis B treatment:
Chronic hepatitis B often needs treatment with antiviral medication. Antiviral medications. A number of antiviral medications — like lamivudine (Epivir), adefovir (Hepsera), telbivudine (Tyzeka) and entecavir (Baraclude) — may help overcome the virus and stabilize its ability to harm your liver. Consult to your doctor about which medicine might be best for you.
Hepatitis C treatment:
Hepatitis C may be treated and cured. And treatment is crucial — hepatitis C, a result of a virus, can completely damage your liver if you do not take medication for it.
Surgery won’t treat hepatitis C — but certain patients eventually require a liver transplant and it will simultaneously re cure, but you need to rest.
Liver cancer treatment:
The primary treatment for initial liver cancer is surgical treatment. If you cannot have surgery, then you go with treatments like radiofrequency ablation, chemoembolisation or alcohol (ethanol) injections. For those who have advanced hepatocellular cancer (HCC), then you have to go with a biological therapy known as sorafenib. You may have chemotherapy with a trial.
- Producing bile to digest fats.
- Liver converts ammonia into urea.
- Breaks down haemoglobin as well as insulin and other hormones.
- Trunk of essential Vitamins.
- Detoxifies the blood to rid it of harmful substances such as alcohol and drugs.