The pituitary gland is a pea-sized shape found at the basis of the grey matter, just under the hypothalamus, to which it is fixed through nerve fabric. It truly is portion of the endocrine system and makes important hormones, that are chemical compounds that deal with different bodily functions.
The pituitary is put into 3 parts: the anterior, intermediate, and so posterior lobes. The anterior lobe is especially responsible for growth and development of the physique, sexual maturation, as well as reproduction. Hormones generated by the anterior lobe control growth, and activate the adrenal and thyroid glands, along with the ovaries and testes. Moreover it produces prolactin, which helps new mothers to make milk.
The intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland produces a hormone that effects the melanocytes, cells which manage pigmentation — such as pores and skin — via the formation of melanin.
The posterior lobe secretes antidiuretic hormone, which reclaims fluid from the kidneys and conserves it in the bloodstream to reduce dehydration. Oxytocin is furthermore created by the posterior lobe, helping in uterine contractions through childbirth and arousing the production and generate of milk.
Functions of Pituitary gland:
The pituitary gland has various capabilities . Actually , each one possesses its own purposes . If any one of these functions are hampered in any way , the outcomes can vary from unpleasant to deadly . Whenever many or inadequate bodily hormones are released , above a dozen distinct disorders of the endocrine system can end result . It’s safe to stipulate that your pituitary gland is liable for your health and well being .
The functions of the body that the pituitary gland manages include the following shots:
- Production of growth hormones
- Regulation of the endocrine system
- Production of hormones that affect the function of the muscles and the kidneys
- Production of hormones that control other endocrine glands
- Storage of hormones that are produced by the hypothalamus