The stomach is a muscle organ found on the very left side of the superior abdomen. The stomach gets food from the esophagus. As food extends to the last of the esophagus, it goes into the stomach via a muscular valve known as the lower esophageal sphincter.
The stomach secretes acidity and enzymes that assimilate food. Ridges of muscles known as rugae line the stomach. The stomach muscles tighten periodically, churning food to improve digestion. The pyloric sphincter is a buff valve that opens to let food to pass from the stomach to the small intestine.
Functions of Stomach:
The stomach is a bean-shaped sack found behind the ribs. When food gets the stomach, sphincters at the starting of the stomach and the leave into the small intestine close. The liner of the stomach then secretes hydrochloric acids and also enzymes that split up the foodstuff to ensure that it can go on and on its journey through the digestive tract, as per the Cleveland Clinic. As it secretes acidity and enzymes, the stomach muscles tighten in a process named peristalsis to blend the food with the acid and enzymes.
The acidity also functions to exterminate hazardous microbes that could make their way into the entire body together with snacks. The acidity could harm the stomach, so that it secretes a gooey, neutralizing mucus that coating its walls and shields it from damage. The stomach also makes a compound that is needed for the body to consume vitamin B12, as per the Digestive Disease Center (DDC).
The stomach is the best section of the digestive system. It not just digests food, also it stores it. As per the BBC, the stomach holds much more than a quart (1 liter) of food simultaneously. The design of the stomach lets a person to consume a huge meal that may be assimilated slowly with time. It can take 4 to seven hours or longer to assimilate a meal, in accordance with the BBC. The higher the fat content material of the food, the a long time it takes for the food to digest.